Category Archives: Politics

Letter to Uinta County Herald

Dear Editor,

So being the first letter of the month I feel the need to talk to people about the MTC facility that may be coming in and also the philosophy behind both sides of the argument. Like I have stated before I am a Libertarian but I understand the conservative side of the argument as well as the “progressive” side of the argument. Alright now conservative and progressive Evanstonians we have to realize this for what it is, a processing center. You will not see ICE vehicles roaming the streets of Evanston with nets like they are hunting for wild game, this is the democrat fear at the moment and I think that the people of Evanston would not put up with that.  And a note to the conservative side it is entirely too hard to become a citizen of our nation. Let’s face it close to 90%, if not more, of high school seniors cannot pass the test to become a citizen. So either the schools suck, which they do because they are government owned, or it is truly hard for someone who has no idea of our history to become a citizen of our country.

What I would propose as a solution to the illegal immigrant problem is number one quit incentivizing it. Every welfare program, including student aid, needs to be absolved. It is not the government’s job to provide for anyone. And when you look at all the hidden taxes in the U.S.A. it is obviously apparent that the average American making 48k a year pays close to 65% of their income in taxes. The person making minimum wage can’t afford this, but the government turns around and gives them 15% back in welfare programs. How about we don’t tax at all? Secondly we need to make it easier to obtain either work visas or citizenship. I believe in free trade no tariffs or taxes on foreign imports or exports as long as the other country is following the same guidelines, if not follow their tax code on our imports/exports. Does anyone know what a basic ford focus costs in China? It is the equivalent of 50,000 U.S. dollars while here it is only 20,000. That is so china can prop up their failing economy while enjoying America’s leniency.

While we can all agree that something needs to be done about illegal immigration most conservatives and libertarians can side on eliminating welfare as a whole. But what this is for Evanston is close to 100 well-paying jobs. Corrections officers at the processing plants are starting off at more than most of Evanston’s police and sheriff departments make. While “progressives” are touting that only government should have this kind of power we need to look at the larger picture when it comes to privatization, and the fact is that it is cheaper. Just for those who don’t know why I have been putting the term progressives in quotations it’s actually because most of their policies are regressive. More government has been tried all over the world, Venezuela, North Korea, Soviet Union, and many more have tried socialism/communism and it always fails.

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Free Speech By Appointment

Feel free to speak you mind. Just make sure to make an appointment for it. Crazy you say?

A public university in Louisiana has a speech code that permits students to express their beliefs freely for two hours per week at three predetermined locations.

The Northwestern State University policy requires students to apply 24-48 hours in advance before holding a public demonstration or assembly, and limits such activities to “one, 2-hour time period every 7 days, commencing on Monday.”

Eventually, we will progress to the point where we have the mandatory two minutes hate. The only difference is that once the left has trained the sheep to accept that there are limits on free speech, they will then decide just what “free speech” will be permitted during the allotted time slot.

“I don’t agree with what you say but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” While that quote is usually incorrectly attributed to Voltaire, the those words SHOULD be the mantra of every university in the Western world, as the entire purpose of any university should be the free exchange of ideas and knowledge. It is a pity that the opposite is the norm at our institutions of “higher learning.”


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Can We Get Actual Libertarians To Run For The Libertarian Party?

The two major parties have nominated candidates so unpalatable that for the first time, many American voters would actually take a hard look at some of the fringe parties and the candidates that represent them. This is especially true for many small-government-minded Republicans who have watched as the GOP took their money and their enthusiasm, and in return pushed country club liberal republicans who not only didn’t stand in the way of the Obama agenda, but also helped grease the skids to make it easier for the President to ram through everything he could have ever dreamed of.

So who could have come along and benefitted from the disatisfaction of those who tend to support small government, lower taxes, and a return to the constitutional republicanism the founders envisioned? The Libertarian Party of course.

Then again, maybe not. In a recent interview with Vice-Presidential candidate Bill Weld of the LIbertarian Party, Weld dropped this gem when talking about gun control.

“The five-shot rifle, that’s a standard military rifle; the problem is if you attach a clip to it so it can fire more shells and if you remove the pin so that it becomes an automatic weapon, and those are independent criminal offenses. That is when they become, essentially, a weapon of mass destruction.”

Bob Owens over at has a great write up on the whole fiasco that is worth a read. When you combine this with the statement the other day from Weld that Libertarian Presidential candidate Gary Johnson would nominate Supreme Court justices in the mold of Stephen Breyer or Merrick Garland, it makes you wonder what part of limited government they would actually stand for.

What’s a libertarian to do?

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Media, Democrats Feign Outrage Over Trump Comment

If you had any question as to whether or not the mainstream media is nothing more than the propaganda wing of the DNC, consider this latest story.

Hillary Clinton’s campaign strongly condemned Donald Trump Tuesday over an aside at a rally that they said suggested that the Democratic nominee or federal judges should be shot.

The remark came at an afternoon rally in Wilmington, N.C., when Trump was talking about how if elected Clinton would get to appoint federal judges to lifetime positions, including a vacant seat on the Supreme Court.

“If she gets to pick her judges, nothing you can do folks. Although the Second Amendment people, maybe there is, I don’t know,” Trump said.

Any sane individual would conclude that Trump was talking about the political power that those who are strong supporters of the 2nd Amendment wield, and that maybe their energy could thwart a possible Clinton Administration by defeating her in November.

Instead, the media and the Democrats (and the establishment RINOs for that matter) immediately ran to microphones, or Twitter, or any other outlet to claim his words were a call for an assassination. Yes, seriously.


You get the idea.

Of course, all of the major DNC apparatchiks (CBS, NBC, ABC, CNN, MSNBC and the rest of the alphabet propagandists) were quick to run this smear as much as possible.

The only group in this campaign that has actively called for the assassination of anyone has been the BLM speakers that the DNC embraced and invited to be a part of their convention. BUt hey, who gives a shit about cops? Not the left.

Anyone who lets the mainstream media tell them how to vote in this election is a fool. Ignorance is one thing. Wilful ignorance is another thing entirely.


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Another Suspicious Death Surrounding Hillary Clinton

Jim Hoft over at Gateway Pundit has the lowdown on yet another suspicious death of someone involved in standing up to the Clinton machine.

On July 3, 2016,Shawn Lucas and filmmaker Ricardo Villaba served the DNC Services Corp. and Chairperson Debbie Wasserman Schultz at DNC’s headquarters in Washington, D.C., in the fraud class action suit against the Democrat Party on behalf of Bernie Sanders supporters.

Shawn Lucas was found dead this week.

Most people dismiss this as just coincidence, but this is getting to be ridiculous. It reminds me of a line from Clint Eastwood’s classic movie The Outlaw Josie Wales, which reads, “Not a hard man to track. Leaves dead men wherever he goes.”

Maybe there is nothing to this, but as the old saying goes, where there is smoke, there is usually fire. Just consider this list:

1- James McDougal – Clintons convicted Whitewater partner died of an apparent heart attack, while in solitary confinement. He was a key witness in Ken Starr’s investigation.

2 – Mary Mahoney – A former White House intern was murdered July 1997 at a Starbucks Coffee Shop in Georgetown .. The murder …happened just after she was to go public with her story of sexual harassment in the White House.

3 – Vince Foster – Former White House counselor, and colleague of Hillary Clinton at Little Rock’s Rose Law firm. Died of a gunshot wound to the head, ruled a suicide.

4 – Ron Brown – Secretary of Commerce and former DNC Chairman. Reported to have died by impact in a plane crash. A pathologist close to the investigation reported that there was a hole in the top of Brown’s skull resembling a gunshot wound. At the time of his death Brown was being investigated, and spoke publicly of his willingness to cut a deal with prosecutors. The rest of the people on the plane also died. A few days later the Air Traffic controller commited suicide.

5 – C. Victor Raiser, II – Raiser, a major player in the Clinton fund raising organization died in a private plane crash in July 1992.

6 – Paul Tulley – Democratic National Committee Political Director found dead in a hotel room in Little Rock , September 1992. Described by Clinton as a “dear friend and trusted advisor”.

7 – Ed Willey – Clinton fundraiser, found dead November 1993 deep in the woods in VA of a gunshot wound to the head. Ruled a suicide. Ed Willey died on the same day his wife Kathleen Willey claimed Bill Clinton groped her in the oval office in the White House. Ed Willey was involved in several Clinton fund raising events.

8 – Jerry Parks – Head of Clinton’s gubernatorial security team in Little Rock .. Gunned down in his car at a deserted intersection outside Little Rock Park’s son said his father was building a dossier on Clinton He allegedly threatened to reveal this information. After he died the files were mysteriously removed from his house.

9 – James Bunch – Died from a gunshot suicide. It was reported that he had a “Black Book” of people which contained names of influential people who visited prostitutes in Texas and Arkansas

10 – James Wilson – Was found dead in May 1993 from an apparent hanging suicide. He was reported to have ties to Whitewater..

11 – Kathy Ferguson – Ex-wife of Arkansas Trooper Danny Ferguson, was found dead in May 1994, in her living room with a gunshot to her head. It was ruled a suicide even though there were several packed suitcases, as if she were going somewhere. Danny Ferguson was a co-defendant along with Bill Clinton in the Paula Jones lawsuit Kathy Ferguson was a possible corroborating witness for Paula Jones.

12 – Bill Shelton – Arkansas State Trooper and fiancee of Kathy Ferguson. Critical of the suicide ruling of his fiancee, he was found dead in June, 1994 of a gunshot wound also ruled a suicide at the grave site of his fiancee.

13 – Gandy Baugh – Attorney for Clinton’s friend Dan Lassater, died by jumping out a window of a tall building January, 1994. His client was a convicted drug distributor.

14 – Florence Martin – Accountant & sub-contractor for the CIA, was related to the Barry Seal, Mena, Arkansas, airport drug smuggling case. He died of three gunshot wounds.

15 – Suzanne Coleman – Reportedly had an affair with Clinton when he was Arkansas Attorney General. Died of a gunshot wound to the back of the head, ruled a suicide. Was pregnant at the time of her death.

16 – Paula Grober – Clinton’s speech interpreter for the deaf from 1978 until her death December 9, 1992. She died in a one car accident.

17 – Danny Casolaro – Investigative reporter, investigating Mena Airport and Arkansas Development Finance Authority. He slit his wrists, apparently, in the middle of his investigation.

18 – Paul Wilcher – Attorney investigating corruption at Mena Airport with Casolaro and the 1980 “October Surprise” was found dead on a toilet June 22, 1993, in his Washington DC apartment had delivered a report to Janet Reno 3 weeks before his death.

19 – Jon Parnell Walker – Whitewater investigator for Resolution Trust Corp. Jumped to his death from his Arlington ,Virginia apartment balcony August 15, 1993. He was investigating the Morgan Guaranty scandal.

20 – Barbara Wise – Commerce Department staffer. Worked closely with Ron Brown and John Huang. Cause of death: Unknown. Died November 29, 1996. Her bruised, naked body was found locked in her office at the Department of Commerce.

21 – Charles Meissner – Assistant Secretary of Commerce who gave John Huang special security clearance, died shortly thereafter in a small plane crash.

22 – Dr. Stanley Heard – Chairman of the National Chiropractic Health Care Advisory Committee died with his attorney Steve Dickson in a small plane crash. Dr. Heard, in addition to serving on Clinton `s advisory council personally treated Clinton’s mother, stepfather and brother.

23 – Barry Seal – Drug running TWA pilot out of Mena Arkansas, death was no accident.

24 – Johnny Lawhorn, Jr. – Mechanic, found a check made out to Bill Clinton in the trunk of a car left at his repair shop. He was found dead after his car had hit a utility pole.

25 – Stanley Huggins – Investigated Madison Guaranty. His death was a purported suicide and his report was never released.

26 – Hershell Friday – Attorney and Clinton fundraiser died March 1, 1994, when his plane exploded.

27 – Kevin Ives & Don Henry – Known as “The boys on the track” case. Reports say the boys may have stumbled upon the Mena Arkansas airport drug operation. A controversial case, the initial report of death said, due to falling asleep on railroad tracks. Later reports claim the 2 boys had been slain before being placed on the tracks. Many linked to the case died before their testimony could come before a Grand Jury.


28 – Keith Coney – Died when his motorcycle slammed into the back of a truck, 7/88.

29 – Keith McMaskle – Died, stabbed 113 times, Nov, 1988

30 – Gregory Collins – Died from a gunshot wound January 1989.

31 – Jeff Rhodes – He was shot, mutilated and found burned in a trash dump in April 1989.

32 – James Milan – Found decapitated. However, the Coroner ruled his death was due to natural causes”.

34 – Richard Winters – A suspect in the Ives/Henry deaths. He was killed in a set-up robbery July 1989.

Note that I am not accusing the Clintons of  any involvement in the demise of the people listed above. I just find it curious that the media has NEVER really dug into this with any seriousness. Yet, we’re going to hear endless accounts of how people were wronged because Donald Trump is a verbally abusive asshole. And even though those accounts involving Trump are most likely true, one would hope that the media would take a passing interest into whether or not the Clintons are involved in something that would make the Sopranos look like amateurs.


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Japan’s Economy in the tank

When will politicians learn? It seems that all  who follow in the Keynesian style of economics are lost. About six months ago the Japanese started hoarding there money outside of banks so much so that they ran out of safes to keep them in. Today in the news, alongside what I am sharing, the Japanese are raising their minimum wage for part time workers, making labor more expensive and the impact will be higher unemployment in the future. Now this stimulus package comes to try and crush the heavy deflation that is ruining their country.

“We’ve put together a bold stimulus proposal that is an investment in the future,” Mr. Abe said on Tuesday. It will allocate money to social programs and infrastructure, including the construction of a high-speed train that will use magnetic levitation, or maglev, technology to float above its tracks.

The stimulus program represents a redoubling of Mr. Abe’s effort to promote growth and crush deflation, which has dogged Japan since the 1990s.

Though he has approved spending increases before, he has relied heavily on the money being pumped into the economy by the central bank, the Bank of Japan. This year, the bank took the extreme measure of reducing its benchmark interest rate below zero.

Number one government stimulus packages never work, and are proof that the free market would ride out the bubble and force companies to liquidate or close their doors. Investing in things that should not be in government control is another thing that shouldn’t work. Social programs and infrastructure should not be the concern of the central government. In America we worry about inflation or the hidden tax that government uses to devalue our money. In Japan however people have been hoarding money which has caused the opposite. In America with our fractional reserve banking banks loan out their money with interest to hopefully get a return and to have money flowing in the economy.

When it gets to the point that you have negative interest rates there is a severe problem. It means money is not changing hands at all and instead is being kept out of circulation.

The central bank’s policies have let the government borrow at extremely low interest rates. Some economists saw the latest increase in spending as a sign that Mr. Abe is in effect assuming that the bank will underwrite government spending more directly in the future — an approach sometimes called helicopter money because it essentially drops money into the public’s hands.

“While helicopter money is a concept still frowned upon thus far, such coordination does make the first step in blurring the line as central banks run out of stimulus measures,” said Lee Jin-Yang, an analyst at Aberdeen Asset Management.

This is the problem with paper money. When you can print and print yourself into oblivion it makes your currency worthless. Furthermore when people start talking about “helicopter money” as Bernanke has done the people of the country hoard even more. It is a completely different culture there, the people of that country see all the money coming out of their central bank and instead of spending it wildly like Americans would do they hide it in their mattresses.

Mr. Abe is not only betting that Japan can spend its way to growth, but that economic expansion will help the country claw its way out of a canyon of debt. Japan’s government debt is bigger than that of any other country, relative to the size of its economy. Mr. Abe argues that things will only get worse if output keeps shrinking, so spending more now will make Japan financially stronger down the line.

When you have this kind of debt as a country people become scared. It is the whole reason why many Americans have started “prepping” for our own collapse as we hit the 20 trillion dollar mark. When you look at this kind of rampant debt there is only two ways government can make sure that they stay afloat. Its either option A where they take the dollar and inflate the debt away (along with the money you have saved for retirement) or B they cut off every program in order to make the debt payments.

When I talk about inflation I talk about the government printing so much money that our money is worthless. Venezuela is a perfect example of that. When you have to bring a duffle bag full of dollar bills to buy a gallon of milk, this is the problem of fiat currency. The even larger problem is that almost every government on the globe uses fiat currency.

(excerpts from



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Property Rights

One of the biggest issues in the country right now is property rights. The definition of public vs. private property has been so misconstrued that it is almost to the point of disgust. Recently we all saw the event that had risen between the Bundy family and the federal government. Being a libertarian I have learned that the federal government never truly wants you to own the money an individual works for, the property an individual owns, and even an individual’s body. Many people think that I am a fanatic when I say things like this but how can that be? So when I think of a problem in this country I think property rights and how they not only affect individuals but also how this issue can be solved.

I feel first I have to define what personal property is because even our local governments infringe on our constitutional rights. Personal property is anything that an individual owns which can be a vehicle, a building or piece of land, any item which the individual has purchased, but most importantly an individual’s body. The problem is that the government feels constantly like they have to protect people and enforce laws based on the common good and the idea that individuals don’t know what is best for themselves. Another government is known for that and it is a form of government that we have been at war with, that government would be the communist Soviet Union. So if I were to make a list of things that infringe on individual’s rights it would have to start with public smoking bans that are in fact privately owned buildings, not allowing businesses to discriminate if they wish, building a pond in their land, making suicide illegal, and prohibiting people from using drugs.

Often people hear me talk about this and they think so I want to encourage businesses to allow smoking which harms others? My answer to this is no I don’t want people to be exposed to second hand smoke if they don’t want to be, but isn’t that what the market is for? If anyone truly does not want to smell cigarettes while they eat then why would they go to a building that allows it? Why would they go to a building that says “whites only” if they agree that racial discrimination is wrong? The mere notion that I have control over someone else’s life and property is morally wrong to me. Government often crosses the line in my eyes when it comes to the belief that just because people congregate there it is public property.

So now when I think of public property I think of anything that my taxes go to pay for. Of course government doesn’t see it that way, they see it as their property. Police officers, national parks, FAFSA, food stamps, disability payments, and even roads are a part of public property because we the people pay for those things. So what that means to me is that every individual who pays taxes should have the right to say how much our politician’s make, how much money we put into a certain program, and even how we get the funds for these things. Many people now believe that taxes are too high even Obamacare is technically a tax but how did it get this way? We kept allowing people to distribute the nation’s money how they saw fit and in that notion we have destroyed our currency, made social security bankrupt by allowing it to be part of the general fund, and made our unemployment rate sky rocket. This is all a cause of government intervention and the first step to fixing a problem is admitting it even though the solution is much simpler.

My solution to fixing the government whether it is local, state, or federal is reverting back to the constitution. How I apply this to all of my examples of the infringement of our rights is by simply taking my rights and asking myself if I am infringing on another individual’s rights. If I owned a bar and wanted to allow smoking cigarettes in the establishment I would ask myself if this infringes on anyone’s rights involuntarily. Am I forcing people to come into this bar? Obviously not they come to relax and have a good time of their own free will. If I were to open a laundromat that said only a certain race could come to the establishment is that forcing any form of violence on others? No it isn’t and if the majority of people don’t believe I am right I am still granted this because of the first amendment, my business will suffer and obviously I will have to retract my sign. Do I have the right to do drugs? Well it is my body and as long as I am not hurting anyone else I feel like it is a fourth amendment right. Can I own a firearm that is fully automatic or even an explosive device? Yes I can, the second amendment didn’t say everyone must have a 1776 musket it stated that the people’s right to have the ability fight back against tyranny is a must to keep the government in check. The constitution was written to maintain the people’s power over government not the government’s power over the people.

Yet still there are those that disagree with the notion that we are a free people and that we won our independence from a tyrannical government long ago. The argument shifts blame on those property owners that wish to continue allowing smoking in their bars or those who wish to do drugs. Often times I here that the sole reason for drugs being illegal is that they need to keep the children safe, when in reality it funds another side of the economy. If drugs were legalized tomorrow there would be less judges, lawyers, rehabs, and prisons than there are now. The same goes for allowing smoking inside of bars. If smoking were allowed in bars there would be less police officers and more traffic in the bar scene. I am approached with this argument several times a week by coworkers on the greater good and how we need to protect the masses and my rebuttal always is the same, people were given free will for a reason. The basis of our constitution is that an individual can do what they want as long as it does not infringe on the rights of others. The government in these cases are just trying to legislate morality like they do with cigarettes and alcohol.

In closing there are many solutions to fixing our current state of affairs but none remains more prevalent than our most sacred text as American citizens, the constitution. This document has governed our land since its creation and it should still be a reference for every law passed and every program funded. There are still many challenges ahead of this country and I truly hope that we restore ourselves as a free and independent country in the future.  Many places in this country even have and are trying to discredit this document and even change it to fit their needs. We often find that when a document or sacred text is changed to fit someone else’s agenda that tragic things happen. My advice to those that read this paper and see that what I am asking for is not just a change in government but a chance for my fellow Americans to be truly free of the chains that have been brought on us.

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Ted Cruz

Presidential candidates always get what they political class refers to as a “bounce” following their party’s conventions. GOP runner up Ted Cruz seems to be experiencing a bounce of his own following his non endorsement speech at the Republican convention, only it is not the kind of bounce he was hoping for.

In an extraordinary public rebuke, two influential donors who were among the biggest supporters of Senator Ted Cruz’s presidential campaign excoriated Mr. Cruz on Saturday for his decision not to endorse Donald J. Trump at the Republican National Convention.

The remarks from Robert Mercer of Long Island and his daughter Rebekah Mercer suggest widening fallout over Mr. Cruz’s convention speech, in which he did not endorse his former rival and, instead, suggested that Republicans should “vote your conscience” for candidates “up and down the ticket.”

There is a lot to like about Ted Cruz. He is one of the strongest supporters of limited government and a return to the type of constitutional republic that the founders created. It is doubtful that he would have nominated anything less than stellar originalists for the Supreme Court, and Cruz administration would have tackled government overreach similar to the way Ronald Reagan did in the 1980s.

But being the kind of plain speaking politician who has no qualms against going after members of your own party (like attacking Mitch McConnell on the Senate floor for example) doesn’t make you a hero with your fellow Republicans. It makes you hated.  As if Cruz losing financial backers wasn’t bad enough, there are now rumors that three term Republican Governor Rick Perry is considering running against Cruz in the primary when Cruz faces reelection for his Senate seat.

The best place for Cruz to end up would be the Supreme Court, but his feud with Donald Trump is going to make that an impossibility. Trump displays the temper and the vindictiveness of a petulant adolescent. So with Cruz facing a tough reelection fight against a more popular native son of Texas, and his complete lack of friends in high places, Cruz faces the prospect of going from one time presidential hopeful to being completely out of the national picture.

Unless he reinvents himself, or improves his relationships with his fellow Republicans, his political free fall will be inevitable.

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Give Me Liberty

Patrick Henry’s “Give me Liberty” rallying call is undoubtedly one of the greatest speeches in American history. You cannot read it and not come away with both a sense of awe at the courage displayed in the face of what was a formidable task ahead, and also with a sense of pride in America. Sadly. many people haven’t read or heard any of it save the last line that it is famous for. So, for those who need some greater understanding in what it means to be an American, here it is in it’s entirety.

“NO man thinks more highly than I do of the patriotism, as well as abilities, of the very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed the House. But different men often see the same subject in different lights; and, therefore, I hope that it will not be thought disrespectful to those gentlemen, if entertaining, as I do, opinions of a character very opposite to theirs, I shall speak forth my sentiments freely, and without reserve. This is no time for ceremony. The question before the House is one of awful moment to this country. For my own part, I consider it as nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery.  And in proportion to the magnitude of the subject, ought to be the freedom of the debate. It is only in this way that we can hope to arrive at truth and fulfill the great responsibility which we hold to God and our country. Should I keep back my opinions at such a time, through fear of giving offense, I should consider myself as guilty of treason towards my country and of an act of disloyalty towards the majesty of Heaven which I revere above all earthly kings.

Mr. President it is natural to man to indulge in the illusions of hope. We are apt to shut our eyes against a painful truth – and listen to the song of the siren till she transforms us into beasts. Is this the part of wise men engaged in a great and arduous struggle for liberty? Are we disposed to be of the number of those who, having eyes, see not, and having ears, hear not, the things which so nearly concern their temporal salvation?  For my part, whatever anguish of spirit it may cost, I am willing to know the whole truth; to know the worst and to provide for it.

I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided; and that is the lamp of experience. I know of no way of judging of the future but by the past. And judging by the past, I wish to know what there has been in the conduct of the British ministry for the last ten years to justify those hopes with which gentlemen have been pleased to solace themselves and the house?  Is it that insidious smile with which our petition has been lately received? Trust it not, sir; it will prove a snare to your feet. Suffer not yourselves to be betrayed with a kiss. Ask yourselves how this gracious reception of our petition comports with these warlike preparations which cover our waters and darken our land. Are fleets and armies necessary to a work of love and reconciliation? Have we shown ourselves so unwilling to be reconciled that force must be called in to win back our love? Let us not deceive ourselves, sir. These are the implements of war and subjugation – the last arguments to which kings resort.

I ask gentlemen, sir, what means this martial array if its purpose be not to force us to submission? Can gentlemen assign any other possible motives for it? Has Great Britain any enemy, in this quarter of the world to call for all this accumulation of navies and armies? No, sir, she has none. They are meant for us: they can be meant for no other. They are sent over to bind and rivet upon us those chains which the British ministry have been so long forging.

And what have we to oppose to them? Shall we try argument? Sir, we have been trying that for the last ten years. Have we anything new to offer on the subject? Nothing.  We have held the subject up in every light of which it is capable; but it has been all in vain. Shall we resort to entreaty and humble supplication? What terms shall we find which have not been already exhausted?

Let us not, I beseech you, sir, deceive ourselves longer.  Sir, we have done everything that could be done to avert the storm which is now coming on. We have petitioned – we have remonstrated – we have supplicated – we have prostrated ourselves before the throne, and have implored its interposition to arrest the tyrannical hands of the ministry and Parliament.  Our petitions have been slighted; our remonstrances have produced additional violence and insult; our supplications have been disregarded; and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne.

In vain, after these things, may we indulge the fond hope of peace and reconciliation.  There is no longer any room for hope.  If we wish to be free – if we mean to preserve inviolate those inestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending – if we mean not basely to abandon the noble struggle in which we have been so long engaged, and which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon until the glorious object of our contest shall be obtained – we must fight! I repeat it, sir, we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of Hosts is all that is left us!

They tell us, sir, that we are weak – unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on our backs, and hugging the delusive phantom of Hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? 

Sir, we are not weak, if we make a proper use of the means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. Three millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us.

Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There is a just God who presides over the destinies of nations, and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us.  The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. There is no retreat, but in submission and slavery! Our chains are forged, their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is inevitable – and let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come!

It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, peace, peace – but there is no peace. The war is actually begun. The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!”

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